Difference Between Anxiety, Depression, And Stress

Last updated on July 2nd, 2022 at 12:30 pm

Today we humans are extremely proud of our achievements. We are technologically advanced. Also, we have reached all heights of globalization and urbanization. Yes, all these are very true but have you ever thought that our achievements are made at what cost? This blog is about Difference Between Anxiety Depression and Stress.

Nah! We are talking about health, not money. We are growing big and reaching higher scales at the cost of our health. 50-60% of the population are obese and have chronic diseases. Well, till now we have just spoken about physical health disturbances.

Difference-Between-Anxiety-Depression- And-Stress

Let’s acknowledge the amount of mental health we are compromising. Today mental health disorders have increased exponentially, and most of the population doesn’t know how each disorder differs. 

Let’s understand the most common mental disorders- Anxiety, Depression, and Stress.

What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is the coping mechanism of the body and mind in stressful and dangerous situations.

Normal type anxiety helps us be aware and alert to our life situations. The main pain point starts when some traumatic incidents in life increase the anxiety levels.

Increasing anxiety levels can be a mental disorder in medical terms, and it does not mean that the person is mad.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders can be categorized into various types, some of which are:

1.   Phobia– It is the condition where a person has excessive fear about a person, situation, or object 

2. OCD- It means Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. It is characterized by repetitive actions which cannot be stopped.

3. Panic Disorder- Panic disorder refers to occasional panic attacks at irrelevant times. The person also lives in fear of another panic attack.

4. Separation Anxiety Disorder- It is the fear of separation from loved ones.

5. Hypochondriac- It is the condition in which a person is constantly anxious about his health.

6. PTSD refers to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. It occurs after a traumatic event.

Signs and Symptoms Of Anxiety

The common signs of an anxiety attack are:

● Rapid Heart rate.

● Fast Breathing.

● Restlessness.

● Lack of Concentration.

● Insomnia.

The common symptoms of anxiety attacks are:

● Shortness of Breath.

● Dry Mouth.

● Sweating.

● Fear.

● Dizzy Feeling.

● Chills or Hot Flashes.

● Numbness or Tingling.

Treatment

The treatment of anxiety may occur in 2 ways – Psychotherapy and Medications.

The medications include sedatives and antidepressants. 

Psychotherapy is a practice that can use by Therapists who train the patient to cope with their mental situations through various techniques and strategies. 

If you want to know about the treatment of anxiety, then it is usually done with a holistic approach to finding better results.

What is Depression?

Go all around the world today, and you will find most millennial use the term ‘depression’ daily. But is it such a condition, or is there more to depression?

Depression is a critical mental condition that negatively impacts a person’s thoughts, moods, and actions. It is a condition that surrounds a person with the feeling of sadness round the clock.

We have read that a depressed person loses interest in life, and activity or person can cheer them up, and that is true.

Etiology

The cause of depression is multifactorial and cannot be specified, but it has many risk factors. It can contribute to such a mental state.

The different risk factors of depression are,

1.   Personality- People with low self-esteem and a negative mindset can easily be the victims of depression.

2. Surroundings- Some people have the worst dreadful experiences like violence, abuse, neglect, etc. If these horrible experiences are happening continuously. Then those people are more prone to depression.

3. Biochemistry- It can happen that Sometimes chemistry in the brain of individuals can contribute to clinical depression situation. 

4. Genetics- Medicals have proven that depression runs in families; So, so genetics also plays a role in depression.

Symptoms of Depression

The symptoms of Clinical Depression are:

● Sadness level may be increased.

● Lack of Enthusiasm about anything that interested the person before.

● Weight loss or gain due to the change in appetite.

● Fatigue.

● Insomnia or too much sleep.

● Loss of Focus.

● Laziness in any physical activity or more physical activity.  

● Feeling of disgust for life and rampant suicidal thoughts.

In case the above symptoms last for more than two weeks. Then it can be called Clinical Depression. Which means you need doctors’ help.

Read – Top 10 Most Common Mental Disorders

Treatment of Depression

The treatment of Clinical Depression can be done through 3 methods:

1. Psychotherapy- It is a treatment option where the therapists come to aid a depressed patient. The therapist suggests various techniques and methods for the patients to come out of depression.

2. Medications- The medications include antidepressants. It is best if a combination of medications and psychotherapy is preferred.

3. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)- It is the resort to severe cases of Clinical Depression. A total of 6-12 treatments of ECT are required which is 2-3 times weekly.

The other ways to manage depression are self-help and coping. But this is only possible if the patient is in the early stages. And acknowledges their current state of mind and incorporates lifestyle changes accordingly.

Mostly it is advised to the family members and friends to look out for their near and dear ones.

Depression can be treated by just being there for someone and making someone feel good about themselves. If you know someone who has depression symptoms consider it a responsibility to look out for them and provide them with the correct guidance.

Depressed people have the weakest minds, which is the most dangerous thing in the world. It is the only thing that controls depression. It is the origin of negativities and suicidal thoughts.

Chronic depression results in suicidal tendencies because the depressed mind cannot revive back to life. They feel that death is a solution than living your life. Hence, if you can guide a depressed person, then you can save a life worth more than anything in this world. 

What is Stress?

Stress is a normal reaction to changes happening internally and externally. It is the combination of physical, emotional, and intellectual responses of the body to a situation.

It is a positive condition and it keeps your body alert and aware of the situation. It is the most common response when the body and mind are adjusting to a new change or environment.

Symptoms of Stress

Continuous stress can cause imbalance physically, mentally, and emotionally. The various symptoms due to the imbalance are:

● Body aches.

● Chest Pain.

● Muscle Pain.

● Low Immunity.

● Hypertension.

● Exhaustion.

● Dizziness.

● Anxiety.

● Depression.

● Panic attacks.

Ways to Manage Stress

There are many holistic approaches to managing stress and everyone must try them to prevent conditions like chronic stress.

● Believe in physical exercise.

● Taking Proper diet.

● Staying connected with friends and family.

● Journaling.

● Make sure you are giving time for self-care and relaxation.

● Practicing Gratitude.

● Do spiritual retreats once in a while.

● Make vacation trip.

● Not hesitating to see a therapist if you are experiencing continuous symptoms.

● Meditation once in a while is a great stress-buster.

Stress is a normal condition, but if it persists for a longer duration. Then it is recommended to visit a doctor and get the correct treatment.

Persistent stress can lead to a condition called Chronic Stress which requires a doctor’s assistance. Fortunately, it’s all reversible if managed well.

Conclusion

Mental healthcare has always been neglected by society. It is solely because of a lack of awareness about mental disorders and their symptoms.

Fortunately, we have crossed that period where people with mental health issues were considered mad and psycho. 

Today, we live in a world that acknowledges mental health issues and is making efforts to learn about them. 

We have reached the stage of acceptance. And are willing to cope with disturbances related to our minds.

Anxiety, Depression, and Stress all seem to look the same, but the difference lies in their present. They all denote that there is some mental disturbance.

Anxiety manifests as a feeling of being overwhelmed by a situation, person, or object. Depression appears as a sad reaction. Stress is a natural reaction to an internal or external change in your body.

Sometimes simple things are more complicated; hence awareness is the solution to all problems. If you feel any of the symptoms mentioned above, please approach a concerned Doctor and make yourself aware of what you have. 

Only when you treat yourself with love can you give the same thing to the people around you. Life is much more than just your surroundings. If you are not feeling well emotionally or mentally, be your comforter and choose to do what you like.

It is a person’s concern to make their mind more powerful than anything in this world, and you will surely win in life.